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What is Gum Treatment?

Gum treatment typically refers to procedures and interventions aimed at maintaining or improving the health of the gums (gingiva). This can include various treatments and practices to address issues such as gum disease or periodontal problems. Gum treatment may involve procedures like deep cleaning (scaling and root planning), gum surgery, or other interventions to address inflammation, infection, or other conditions affecting the gums. The goal is to promote healthy gums and prevent or treat issues that can lead to gum problems, such as gingivitis or periodontitis. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are also part of gum care for maintaining good oral health.

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What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease or periodontal disease is a bacterial infection in the gums and bone surrounding the teeth. If left untreated, the bacterial infection and resultant inflammation will result in loss of attachment between the gum & the teeth and eat away at the supporting bone. If let go for too long, the teeth become loose and are often lost.

Symptoms of Gum Disease:

  • Bad breath that will not go away

  • Red or swollen gums

  • Bleeding or tender gums

  • Gums that have pulled away from your teeth

  • Receding gums or teeth that appear longer than normal

  • Teeth that have shifted position

  • Loose teeth

  • An abscess coming from below the gum-line

  • Receding gums can also be a symptom of gum disease.

Stages of Gum Disease

The first level of gum disease is known as gingivitis. This bacterial infection of the gums needs to be fully treated by thorough cleaning, health can be easily restored.

The second level is more severe and is known as periodontitis. In the second stage, infection of both the gums and the surrounding bone, causes the gums and ligaments to detach from the teeth resulting in bone loss. In this phase of gum disease, a pocket develops under the gumline between the gums and the teeth. Bacteria accumulates in the pocket and hardens into calculus which irritates the gums further and accelerates the infection, gum detachment, and bone loss.

Minimally invasive treatments performed by periodontists help in the treatment and prevention of gum disease and periodontal disease. The doctors will remove the disease-causing bacteria, restore oral health, and in many cases reverse the damage.

Other Options to Treat Gum Disease:

Gum surgery: severe periodontitis cases need access into the bone defect and around the gum tissue covering the root of the affected tooth. The dentist removes all the accumulated plaque and calculus residing on the tooth roots and smooths the root surfaces, allowing the gum to reattach firmly.

Gum grafting: Periodontitis results in the recession of gums and exposes the roots of teeth. Gums can also be very thin and fragile which is replaced through gum grafting

Bone Grafting: When severe gum disease eats away the jawbone supporting your teeth; replacing lost or missing bone using state-of-the-art bone grafting techniques and procedures is mandatory.

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