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What is Jaw Joint Pain/ TMD?

Most people feel that the headaches and pain in jaw which is radiating towards head or neck  have nothing to do with dentistry, but you will be surprised to know that the cause of the pain can be related to your teeth.

What are the possible causes of the temporomandibular joint disorder are:

  1. Injury to the jaw, the joint, or muscles of the head and neck, such as from a heavy blow or whiplash

  2. Grinding or clenching your teeth

  3. Dislocation of the ball and socket

  4. Arthritis in the TMJ

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What are the symptoms of TMD?

Common symptoms include:

  • Pain or tenderness in your face, jaw joint area, neck and shoulders, and in or around the ear when you chew or speak

  • Problems when you try to open your mouth wide or reduce mouth opening

  • Jaws that get stuck, or locked, in the open -or closed-mouth position

  • Clicking, popping, or grating sounds in the jaw joint when you open or close your mouth or chew

  • Migraines and headaches

  • A tired feeling in your face

  • Trouble chewing or a sudden uncomfortable bite

  • Swelling on the side of your face

What all treatment options are available for TMD?

Treatment Options for TMD are:

Medications: higher doses of anti-inflammatories to combat pain and swelling. Muscle relaxer to relax your jaw. Or an anti-anxiety medication to relieve stress.

A splint or night guard: plastic mouthpieces fit over r upper and/or lower teeth so they don’t touch. They lessen the effects of clenching or grinding and aim to correct the bite by putting your teeth in a more correct position.

Dentists can replace missing teeth and use crowns, bridges, or braces to balance the biting surfaces of teeth.

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS): This therapy uses low-level electrical currents to provide pain relief by relaxing your jaw joint and facial muscles

Ultrasound: Deep heat applied to the joint, to relieve soreness or improves mobility.

Trigger: point injections are pain medication or anesthesia, that is injected into tender facial muscles called “trigger points” to give relief.

Radio wave therapy: is done to stimulate the joint, which increases blood flow and eases pain.

Low-level laser therapy: will lower pain and inflammation and helps the patient move the neck more freely and open the mouth wider.

If you are experiencing such pain in your TMJ and hear a click sound or experiencing a pain near ear or pain in jaw while yawning or eating , contact us for best surgeons who can help you understand the cause behind this pain and also treat it.

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